|hangenge, ihe, wariwari, takeke (Maori), piper, half-beak, New Zealand garfish (US), demi-bec neozelandias (France), sayori (Japan)|
Garfish is a good seafood choice.
Garfish are relatively short-lived and, although similar species occur around the world, this species is found only in New Zealand. They are common in shallow coastal waters, such as bays and harbours, where they school at the surface.
Garfish are caught using beach seine and lampara nets. There are concerns over this fishery including the lack of some basic biological information, information on nature of stocks, size of populations and yield estimates, and the uncertainty of some biological information. There has been very limited research on garfish so the current yields are uncertain and sustainable limits are unknown. There is also the absence of a management plan.
Not certified under any scheme.
Export markets include Asia
No regional or fishing method difference.
|Annual catch limit:||Limit set at 50 tonnes since 2002-2003.|
|Recorded catch:||Reported landings of 16 tonnes in 2014-15.|
|Stock trends:||Unknown. The natural variability of garfish populations is not known but there are suggestions of localised populations that could be susceptible to local depletion.|
|The Ministry of Primary Industries assessment plenary report includes:||“No estimates of current biomass are available. A fishery has existed for several decades, but it is not known how heavily this has exploited the stock. It is not possible to determine if recent catch levels will allow the stock(s) to move towards a size that would support the MSY.” (MPI 2016, p 370-711).|
|Distribution:||Inshore waters around New Zealand.|
|Maximum age (years):||10?|
|Age at sexual maturity:||2-3|
|Growth rate:||Moderate (uncertain)|
|Age exploited:||2-3 (uncertain)|
|Ability to recover:||High|
|Fishing method(s):||Garfish are primarily caught by beach seine (and lampara net) and sometimes also taken as a non-target catch in the pilchard fishery.|
|Habitat damage:||Low, due to most fish being caught by beach seine and lampara nets.|
|Habitat of particular significance:||hasn’t been defined in New Zealand.|
|Bycatch:||Relatively low bycatch but small fish can be caught by both methods. Further research is needed on the scale and species involved.|
|Ecological effects:||Low, although depletion of garfish may have impacts on associated species by altering food web dynamics.|
|Bycatch:||No reported protected species bycatch.|
|Management component:||Single species – uncertainty about stock structure.|
|Quota Management Species:||Yes, since 2002.|
|Management plan:||There is no approved inshore plan.|
|Stock assessment:||No quantitative stock assessment.|
|Research:||There is no research planned or developed to answer biology and sustainability of garfish.|
Taken from the Ministry for Primary Industries’ Plenary report for fisheries management.
Report from the Fishery Assessment Plenary, May 2016: stock assessments and yield estimates. Part 1: Introductory Section to Hoki, Science Group, Ministry for Primary Industries; Ministry for Primary Industries (2016) Aquatic Environment and Biodiversity Annual Review 2015. Compiled by the Fisheries Management Science Team, Ministry for Primary Industries. 682p. The Guidebook to New Zealand Commercial Fish Species, 2007 Revised Edition, The New Zealand Seafood Industry Council Ltd. Seafood New Zealand, 2016. New Zealand Seafood Exports to December 2015. 133p.